The United Nations Children’s Fund UNICEF is a United Nations (UN) program headquartered in New York City that provides humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in developing countries. It is one of the members of the United Nations Development Group and its executive committee.
UNICEF was created by the United Nations General Assembly on 11 December 1946, to provide emergency food and healthcare to children in countries that had been devastated by World War II. The Polish physician Ludwik Rajchman is widely regarded as the founder of UNICEF and served as its first chairman from 1946.
Unicef Organized an Agenda for GoG-UNICEF WASH program in Upper West on the 20th September 2016 which had massive attendance with special guests including DCE of Lambussie-Karni District, Hon. Bom Koffi Dyakka, Ato Quansah Of CWSA, Hon. Bukari Dramani: DCE of Sisaala East.
Unicef Has Improved In various sectors of Development which includes ODF And DHS.


Unicef Has achieved a lot from 1990-2015:

Cholera Reduction
No Explosion After June Floods
Improvement In water supply quality
Guinea Worm Eradication
Water Safety Plan.
Safe Water.
Government Cooperation and clarity of roles.
Unicef Has been sponsored by some concerned countries to carry out various tasks that would at long last improve society.
Northern Belt Of Ghana Development PARTNERS
Government Of Netherlands
Government Of Canada
Challenges of Unicef:
Neonatal Sepsis:
3,385 Newborns children die each year and Hand Washing can reduce this by 25%
Unicef is not only supporting rural wash programs but also urban wash programs as well.
500,000 people are supplied with improved water 125,000 have direct access to this water and UNICEF is setting a target of 2.25 million by 2030.
Equity Coverage Statistics For (2014 DHS)
Upper West – 95.3%
Upper East –89.6%
Northern Region – 77.5%
Brong Ahafo Region – 87.5%
Volta Region –82.6%
Ashanti Region –94.4%
Eastern Region – 82.4%
Greater Region –92.1%
Central Region – 74.2%
Western Region – 67.3%
Sanitation Coverage and trend (1990-2015):
Urban Areas: 19% — 7% Reduced By 12%
Rural Areas: 29% — 34% Increased By 5%
Total: 22% – 19%
Wash In Ghana, Upper West where are we now?
Unicef needs new strategies because we are far behind the target itself.
National Rate:
35% – 4% Surface water improved
Rural Rate:
50% – 8%
Urban Rate:
8% – 7% Reduced
By 2030 Unicef should have 100% coverage in improved water supply.
Equity Of Coverage (DHS2014)
Upper West – 4.9%
Upper East – 4.1%
Northern Region – 3.3%
Volta Region – 13.8%
Ashanti Region – 14.3%
Eastern Region – 13.4%
Western Region – 11.9%
Central Region –10.4%
Greater Region –23.1%
Brong Ahafo Region – 15.2%
EC OD 2014
Poorest = 63.2%
Poorer = 24.2%
Middle = 12.6%
Richer = 3.8%
Richest = 4.0%
By Wealth Quantile:
Richest = 35%
Poorest =5.2%
Urban – 17.8%
Rural = 8.5%
Equity Of Coverage – OD Rates(DHS2014)
Upper West – 49.2%
Upper East –74.7%
Nothern Region – 67.6%
Brong Ahafo Region –26.6%
Eastern Region – 9.1%
Greater Region – 6.5%
Volta Region – 23.6%
Ashanti Region – 6.6%
Central Region – 13.5%
Western Region – 7.2%
Nothern Regional Belt Open Defecation Rate:
22%(JMP 2015)
20%(DHS 2014)
21% will take over 500years at this rate.
Upper West
2011 – 71%(MICS 2011)
2014 – 49% (DHS2014)
3years – 22%
49% would take about 7years
Rate Of Cholera In Children Under 5years(DHS 2014)
Improved – 5.4%
Shared – 10.5%
Public – 13.0%
Unimproved – 13.4%
Out Of 16%
Wash In Health Centers
Insufficient Data
Equity Of Coverage Handwashing(DHS2014)
Upper West – 10%
Upper East – 11.1%
Northern Region –11.8%
Brong Ahafo Region – 10.1%
Volta Region –26.0%
Ashanti Region = 22.0%
Western Region = 29.2%
Central Region = 16.9%
Greater Region – 30.0%
Eastern Region – 10.7%
Percentage of households with designated handwashing location with soap or sustainable alternative present.
By Wealth quantile
Richest: 45.1%
Poorest: 7.6%
Urban: 26.9%
Rural: 14.1%
Wash In Schools – National Costed Strategy.
EMIS 2015
School Water Access
Upper West: 39%
Upper East: 57%
Northern Region: 35%
Brong Ahafo Region: 26%
Volta Region: 41%
Ashanti Region: 43%
Eastern Region: 33%
Western Region: 30%
Central Region: 45%
Greater Region: 45%
School Toilet Access:
Upper West: 60%
Upper East: 59%
Northern Region: 56%
Brong Ahafo Region: 51%
Volta Region: 58%
Ashanti Region: 58%
Eastern Region: 51%
Greater Region: 51%
Central Region: 67%
Western Region: 45%
Key Data
Ghana has the 7th lowest rate of access to sanitation in the world.
Current rates of improvement will end open defecation in 500years
More children are going to schools without toilets or water.
Diarrhea rates are the same for people using public toilets and for people using unimproved toilets and defecating in the open.
Sustained and equitable access to sustainable hygiene and water supply services.
Improved handwashing with soap practice amongst households.
Household water treatment and sale storage is promoted at household level.
School have access to wash infrastructure and appreciate hygiene education.
Delivery of water supply services to priority locations and focus on quality of water capacity for effective Wash sector coordination, knowledge management and evidence based decision making
Capacity building for wash programing.
2,275,000/370,784 people living in Open Defecation Free communities
Open Defecation Free Communities Are: 4252/693
Nandom 44.5%
Lawra 36.4%
Daffiamah Issah Bussie 31.5%
Wa West 29.7%
Nadowli – 29.2%
Wa East 27.8%
Sisaala West 24.2%
Laambussie Karni – 13.0%
Sisaala West 12.6%
Jirapa 9.6%
Wa Municipal 4.0%
Analysis Of Government Lead Implementation
CLTS result are far from enough for the impact expected.
Monitoring Evaluation and reporting are a challenge.
Bureaucracy particularly with financially disbursements threatens the effective delivery of CLTS.
Intermediate Conclusions
Some critical support is needed for the delivery results at the scale required.
The support should complement government efforts for ease of scaling up and sustainability purposes.
Analyzing Options For Support
5 regional consultants currently supporting RICCS in 5 regions with immediate results observed in the quality and pace of implementation.
Similar support Is required at the district level.
For institution capacity strengthening and ease of management, it is better to work with institutions to provide this support than to work individual consultants.
Good understanding of processes and articulation of approaches.
Flexibility in implementation requires for rolling out and implementing the natural leaders scheme.
Community mobilization skills for nurturing natural leaders.
Excellent presentations and reports.
Limited challenges with bureaucracy .
Components of the pca expected in all districts
Achievements of 80%-100% of Annual district targets for sanitation and hygiene resulting in 4252 ODF communities with 2275M people. Districts with working M. groups actively driving a district with ODF Agenda.
Comprehensive District ODF plans finalized and implemented compliance with 80-100% funds flow/ availability requirements for sanitation and hygiene.
Regularly updating data on sanitation and hygiene.
Close Monitoring
Intensive technical support
To district facilitations teams.
Documentation of the model and refinement through implementation.

Source: Tuorimuo Elvis Philip/

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